All Photo's on this page are copyright of Rupa Photography.

www.rupaphotography.co.uk

Photo credits:

London UK:

Rupa Nagamootoo of Rupa Photography

Steve Shipman - Photography assistant

Mandy Thompson - Digital Artist

Laura McCarthy Special Effects, Make-up

Gurpal Bansal - Hair & Make-up

Nisha Sharma - Assistant

Models: Amee Syeda, Sara Zubair, Anna Sudawarat, Roshni Patel.

Surrey, BC Canada:

Rupi Kainth of studio orange photography + design for graphics

Sexual Violence rates in india

 

Current research indicates that a woman is raped every 21 minutes in India. Current statistics in India regarding sexual violence reads as follows: Out of the 24,206 reported rape cases 10.6% were girls under the age of 14, 19% were girls ranging from 14 to 18 years of age, 54.7% were women ages from 18-30, 15% were women from the age of 30-50 and .6% were over 50 years of age. The National Crime Record Bureau (2009) reports a 3% increase in rape over the last four years, 5.5% increase on sexual assault, and a 7% increase in the intent to insult a females modesty, and an alarming 46.8% increase in incest rape. * It is important to note that these are reported crimes, thus does not necessarily mean there is an increase in sexual violence, but perhaps more women are reporting. The statistics on arrest rates are also misrepresented, considering many cases are not reported and if they are, many times the police avoid taking a report from victims and rather attempt to have the victims silenced, bribed or ignored. According to the National Crime Record Bureau (2013), under section 376 of the IPC the arrest rate has been 1%, for the assault on women with the intent to outrage her modesty 1.7% and for the insult to modesty of women .3%.             

GENDER, CASTE, CLASS & CULTURE

 

The theory of intersectionality, takes into account that each and every woman life experience will vary depending on the structural system of oppression she belongs too. Intersectionality, allows for the understanding that women are shaped by multifaceted components such as gender, religion, caste, class, geography and age etc. The interactions of these dimensions occur within systematic and institutional powers such as the state, laws, government, media, and political, medical and judiciary realms. It is within these processes, where various forms of privilege and oppression occur, which in turn create sexism, racism, colonialism and patriarchy.

current laws & legislation: india

 

The India Penal Code (IPC) and the Indian Constitution lay out laws and regulation against violence against women, equality and education rights. The IPC includes Sec. 376 rape laws, Sec. 354 outrage her modesty, Sec. 509 insult to the modesty of a women Sec. 294 and Sec 349 cover acts such as eve-teasing, general annoyance and any types of criminal force and Sec. 366 prohibits the importation of women from foreign countries, for the purpose of trafficking. However, it is important to note the IPC does not include marital rape. But the question remains, despite the laws being progressive in nature, why is a woman still being raped every 21 minutes?